Water is one of the fundamental human rights a person enjoys. It is as essential as shelter and food. However, as the world becomes a smaller place and the population rates around the globe increase, there is a lesser percentage of food and water for each person. And suddenly there is little water for everyone, and there is no water for some in the third world countries such as India and Africa. Natural resources are essential, they provide us with the supplies to live. However, scientists have discovered that the world’s population is expected to increase to 9 billion by the year 2050. Due to this, many scientists and industries are working to think of ways that we could provide the incoming generations with food by using lesser resources to make them.
Nanotechnology is the term used to describe the manipulation of matter on an atomic level, and it is used everywhere. It is in everything, ranging from your clothes to the food you eat. It is about designing matter to suit a specific goal. Nanotech is more commonly used in medicine, where it is used to engineer new vaccines and find cures for diseases. Nanotechnology is also used in the food industry where it is used to enhance specific properties of food. It also makes it more useful and even in some instances, make produce immune to diseases and pest resistant. An example of a crop or plant that is genetically modified via nanotechnology to be different from others and to serve as more effective produce are tomatoes. They are genetically modified not to be affected by pests such as slugs and other pests.
Scientists are coming up with new ideas each time to create a higher amount of produce for future generations on the way. However, nanotechnology is the only one that is the most effective as well as conservative enough to use fewer resources to create more food. One of the ways that nanotechnology can be used for cultivation is through making fertiliser. A fertiliser is one of the more critical parts of owning a farm or harvesting. It is the primary source of nutrients for crops and plants when there is none in the soil. The fertiliser is a mix of organic ingredients and chemicals which are used to maximise the nutrient levels in the ground as well as provide the crops with the chance to grow. However, there are many issues with fertiliser. The fertiliser can also be very harmful to the environment. The chemicals which are inside of the mix itself can sometimes enter any underground water bodies or make its way into a larger water body, where chemicals like nitrogen can contaminate the water and cause a decline in growth. Due to this problem, scientists are hoping to put an end to this situation by creating a wholly harmless and conservative fertiliser, using nanotechnology. The modern technology, unlike regular fertiliser, can be modified in different ways, it can be used as an alternative to regular fertiliser and can also work in increasing the nutritional value of the plants and crops. This, in turn, helps in conserving water that needs to act as the carrier of fertiliser that requires constant use. Not only can the use of nanotech to make fertiliser, save more water, energy as well as other fertiliser, it also helps to make sure that water that is used to make the fertiliser are replenished and used less as well.
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